With continued ability to surprise, Subcomandante Marcos, the enigmatic, masked spokesperson of the Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional (EZLN), announced this week in a communiqué his final words. The message was that he would cease to exist and that the chief spokesperson of the EZLN henceforth is Subcomandante Insurgente Moisés. The communiqué, entitled ‘Between Light and Shade’, is the latest crucial statement on the struggle of the Zapatistas and offers a glimpse into some of the key transformations of the movement. It also raises a number of questions. Has Marcos stood down from the EZLN? What is evolving in terms of the Zapatistas’ struggle for autonomy, for dignity, for indigenous rights, and for humanity against neoliberalism?