Following Michael Burawoy’s Annual Lecture for the Centre for the Study of Social and Global Justice (CSSGJ) on ‘Social Movements in the Neoliberal Age’, I thought it worth dusting off one of the threads in a recent article of mine that explores his wider project of Sociological Marxism. My article, entitled ‘The Limits of Sociological Marxism?’, was published last year in the journal Historical Materialism and can be downloaded here. It develops a sympathetic critique of Sociological Marxism, which has been fashioned by both Michael Burawoy and Erik Olin Wright. At the centrepiece of this project is a theory of capitalism as a particular form of class exploitation. An exploitation-centred and relational concept of class is thus presented, rooted in the social relations of production, and projected through the analysis of contemporary society. With class relations and the dynamics surrounding the reproduction and transformation of capitalist forms constituting a cornerstone of Sociological Marxism, there might seem to be little to disagree upon. What could therefore be contentious about Sociological Marxism?